Location: Vietnam is in Southeast Asia, and shares borders with Laos, Cambodia, and China.
Area: 127,881 square miles (331,210 sq km)
Land Borders: Laos 1,320 miles (2,130 km); China 796 miles (1,281 km); Cambodia 763 miles (1,228 km)
Coastline: 2,140 miles (3,260 km)
Highest Point: Mount Fansipan 10,312 feet (3,143 m)
Lowest Point: East Sea
Dialing code: +84
Vietnam is a tropical country, and the average temperature ranges from 71° Fahrenheit (22° C) to 80° Fahrenheit (27° C) year-round, although the temperatures vary from the north to the south, and during the winter it’s warmer along the coast.
North Vietnam—The rainy season lasts from October to March. During the colder dry season, the temperatures fluctuate between 50° to 59° Fahrenheit (10° to 15° C). April to October is the rainy season, with temperatures that typically range from 86° to 95° Fahrenheit (30° to 35° C).
South Vietnam—The hot, rainy season lasts from April to September, and it's especially rainy during June and July; the temperature varies from 76° to 93° Fahrenheit (24° to 33° C). The colder dry season lasts from November to March. Although it’s a few degrees colder, the temperature doesn’t vary much.
Average Rainfall: 47.2 to 118.1 inches (1,200 to 3,000 mm)
Average Humidity: 84 percent
Population: 92.7 million
Population growth rate: 1.1 percent
Population density: 741 per square mile (1,919 per sq km)
Official language: Vietnamese
Quality of Life
Life Expectancy: 73.7 years
Life Expectancy of Men: 71.2 years
Life Expectancy of Women: 76.4 years
Fertility Rate: 1.96 children per woman (2015)
Literacy: 97.3 percent
Poverty Rate: 9.8 percent (2016)
Ethnicities: Kinh 85.7 percent; Tay 1.9 percent; Thai 1.8 percent; Muong 1.5 percent; Khmer 1.5 percent; Mong 1.2 percent; Nung 1.1 percent; Hoa 1 percent; other 4.3 percent
Airports: 45 airports with 4 international airports—38 airports of these have paved runways.
Roadways: 121,458 miles (195,468 km)
Railways: 29,285 miles (47,130 km)
Waterways: 1,615 miles (2,600 km)
Ports: Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, and Da Nang
Government and Economy
Government Type: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Head of Government: President Trần Đại Quang and Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Legislative Branch: Unicameral National Assembly or Quoc Hoi
Independence Day: September 2, 1945 (from France)
National Constitution: The current government has adopted 4 different constitutions, with the latest version taking effect in 2013.
Suffrage: Universal, 18 years of age
National Symbol: Dragon
Currency: Vietnamese dong
GDP per Capita: $2,185
Industry: Food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, coal, steel, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones
Exports: Clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery
Agriculture: Rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas, pork, poultry, seafood