Vietnam Facts

This is a compilation of some of the most basic facts about Vietnam. We also have lots of travel guides for you to check out and travel experts who are happy to answer any questions you may have.

The Basics

Location: Vietnam is in Southeast Asia, and shares borders with Laos, Cambodia, and China.

Area: 127,881 square miles (331,210 sq km)

Land Borders: Laos 1,320 miles (2,130 km); China 796 miles (1,281 km); Cambodia 763 miles (1,228 km)

Capital: Hanoi

Coastline: 2,140 miles (3,260 km)

Highest Point: Mount Fansipan 10,312 feet (3,143 m)

Lowest Point: East Sea

Dialing code: +84

Weather

Temperature Range

Vietnam is a tropical country, and the average temperature ranges from 71° Fahrenheit (22° C) to 80° Fahrenheit (27° C) year-round, although the temperatures vary from the north to the south, and during the winter it’s warmer along the coast.

North Vietnam—The rainy season lasts from October to March. During the colder dry season, the temperatures fluctuate between 50° to 59° Fahrenheit (10° to 15° C). April to October is the rainy season, with temperatures that typically range from 86° to 95° Fahrenheit (30° to 35° C).

South Vietnam—The hot, rainy season lasts from April to September, and it's especially rainy during June and July; the temperature varies from 76° to 93° Fahrenheit (24° to 33° C). The colder dry season lasts from November to March. Although it’s a few degrees colder, the temperature doesn’t vary much.

Average Rainfall: 47.2 to 118.1 inches (1,200 to 3,000 mm)

Average Humidity: 84 percent

Population

Population: 92.7 million

Population growth rate: 1.1 percent

Population density: 741 per square mile (1,919 per sq km)

Official language: Vietnamese

Religion: Buddhism

Quality of Life

Life Expectancy: 73.7 years

Life Expectancy of Men: 71.2 years

Life Expectancy of Women: 76.4 years

Fertility Rate: 1.96 children per woman (2015)

Literacy: 97.3 percent

Poverty Rate: 9.8 percent (2016)

Ethnicities: Kinh 85.7 percent; Tay 1.9 percent; Thai 1.8 percent; Muong 1.5 percent; Khmer 1.5 percent; Mong 1.2 percent; Nung 1.1 percent; Hoa 1 percent; other 4.3 percent

Infrastructure

Airports: 45 airports with 4 international airports—38 airports of these have paved runways.

Roadways: 121,458 miles (195,468 km)

Railways: 29,285 miles (47,130 km)

Waterways: 1,615 miles (2,600 km)

Ports: Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, and Da Nang

Government and Economy

Government Type: Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Head of Government: President Trần Đại Quang and Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc

Legislative Branch: Unicameral National Assembly or Quoc Hoi

Independence Day: September 2, 1945 (from France)

National Constitution: The current government has adopted 4 different constitutions, with the latest version taking effect in 2013.

Suffrage: Universal, 18 years of age

National Symbol: Dragon

Currency: Vietnamese dong

GDP per Capita: $2,185

Industry: Food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, coal, steel, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones

Exports: Clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery

Agriculture: Rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas, pork, poultry, seafood