Myanmar is often referred to as "The Land of a Thousand Pagodas." And with at least 2,000 in Bagan alone, there is no shortage of religious and archeological sites to visit across its expansive landscape. But with such a diverse geography, ancient religious sites are just the tip of the iceberg of what the country has to offer travelers.
What to Expect
After a half-century of isolationist policies imposed by an oppressive military junta, the newly elected government of Myanmar ushers in a hope for a brighter future. This government is now led by Nobel Laureate, Aung San Suu Kyi, whose political party recently won a supermajority of open parliament seats in the government. This new political era has garnered increased global attention and seen visits from such world leaders as President Barack Obama. The stabilizing forces of the new political regime have also attracted foreign investment as well as lead to an explosion in tourism. With Myanmar's vast collection of archeological sites, rich buddhist culture, diverse topography and warm-spirited people, now is a perfect time for travellers to discover the mystique that surrounds Myanmar.
Nestled between India, China, Thailand, Laos and Bangladesh, Myanmar has long been a natural juncture for trade. The large amount of neighboring countries may also help to explain why Myanmar has a staggering 135 different ethnicities. There are also still elegant remnants from Britain's 124-year rule displayed in colonial architecture across the country. Mostly however, visitors will quickly find themselves steeped in the rich traditions of Buddhism, as Myanmar's overwhelming devotion to this religion permeates every facet of daily life.
Out of Myanmar's 1,200 miles of coastline, Ngapali Beach is one of the most beautiful and popular destinations. A small airport conveniently delivers tourists to the doorsteps of luxurious Western-style resorts. Daytime activities include boat trips where visitors enjoy fishing, snorkeling or exploring on the nearby islands. One may also just lounge on the white sand beaches while tranquilly gazing across the the teal-colored waters of the Bay of Bengal. Around dinner time, the Westward facing beach restaurants make an excellent vantage point to watch the sunset while dining on freshly caught seafood.
Myanmar is about the size of Texas with a landmass of 261,228 square miles and contains multiple types of topographies. Both the West and East sides of the country are hill regions, with the Western side rising quickly in elevation as it heads North towards the Himalayas. The Eastern edge of the Himalayan mountain range extends into the extreme North of the country, where Hkakabo Razi stands at 19,294.62-feet (5,881 meters) as the tallest point in Myanmar. The central region is mostly flat and dominated by the mighty Ayeyarwady River system as it makes its way South until separating into multiple tributaries and spilling into the sea. In the South, Myanmar has 1,200 miles of shoreline that border either the Bay of Bengal or the Andaman Sea.
Micro Climates of Myanmar
Myanmar has a tropical monsoon climate with the ideal months for visits being from November-March. Temperatures during this period range from 70°F(21°C) to 85°F(30°C.) High humidity along with a scorching sun can make the air feel quite balmy, especially in the lower valley areas of Mandalay and Yangon. Up in the hill regions like around Inle Lake, the temperature can get cool in the evenings and nights. The climate surrounding the Himalayas in the North is quite the opposite and can see snow during the winter months.
In 2015, the first open elections in Myanmar in decades were held. Longtime political dissident, Aung San Suu Kyi, saw her National League for Democracy party win a supermajority of open parliament seats. The optimism of this new government comes after decades of harsh rule imposed by a military junta, which took power from a newly formed democracy decades before. The junta imposed martial law under the guise of bringing stability to the country, which some claim was heading towards a civil war. Before this, Myanmar was ruled as a British colony for 124 years during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The British succeeded the Konbaung Dynasty, which was the last Burmese dynasty to hold power. Leading up to the Konbaung rule, various Burmese dynasties had governed the country for thousands of years from cities such as Bagan, Yangon, Inwa and Mandalay.
With a 135 ethnicities represented within the country's borders, Myanmar's population of 57 million people is quite diverse. The Burmese represents about 70% of the residents in a country that is 87% Buddhist. Everywhere a traveller goes, they will undoubtedly see the saffron colored robes of the hundreds of thousands of monks that inhabit the country. One will be quick to notice that the most up-kept parts of Myanmar are the monasteries, temples and pagodas, which are usually adorned with intricate woodwork and gold leaf. In a country with 26% of the people living in poverty, these holy sites sit in stark juxtaposition to the squalor of many of its residents.
Before the military junta took power, Myanmar's vast natural resources made it one of the richest countries in Southeast Asia. Through isolationist government policies, the economy contracted to rank as one of the smallest in the region. As the country changes its political policies and opens itself up to the global economy, it stands poised to regain much of the ground it lost. Beyond tourism, Myanmar has vast timber reserves, large precious stone deposits and ample natural oil and gas waiting to be tapped.