Peru Colonial History
Take a break from outdoor adventures such as Peru surfing and hiking, and explore the country's colonial history. Wander the city streets to admire the colonial architecture and pop into one of the country's many great museums to dig deeper into Peru's past.
The capital of Peru owes its very existence to the Spanish who founded the city in 1535. While pre-Inca civilizations called the area home long before the Spanish arrived, the city you see today was built as the seat of power and commerce for most of the colonial era.
The city is a great place to begin your colonial history education of Peru and boasts some of the country's most impressive examples of colonial architecture. Start with the magnificent palaces around the Plaza de Armas and then learn more in one of Lima's world-class museums. Booking a guided tour is also a great way to understand the city.
In 1532, the city of Cajamarca bore witness to an event that would forever change the fate of Peru. It was here that the Spanish conquistadors captured the Inca Emperor Atahualpa and conquered the great civilization.
On a trip to the city, there are a number of important sites you can visit to understand more of this important period of Peru's colonial history, including the mysterious 'Ransom Room.' The original baroque altar in the cathedral of Cajamarca is also a highlight.