Location: Between 7° and 10° North Latitude and 77° and 83° West Longitude
Area: 75,520 km2 (29, 160 sq. mi)
Land Borders: Total 555 km (345 mi): 330 km (205 mi) with Costa Rica and 225 km (140 mi) with Colombia.
Total Coastline: 2,850 km (1,771 mi). The Caribbean coastline measures 1,160 km (721 mi), while the Pacific coastline measures 1,690 km (1,050 mi).
Capital City: Panama City
Provinces: Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, Coclé, Colón, Darién, Herrera, Los Santos, Panamá, Veraguas
Comarcas: Emberá, Guna Yala, Ngöbe-Buglé
Highest Point: Volcán Barú at 3,475 meters (11,400 ft.).
Lowest Point: Sea level at 0 meters
Length of Panama Canal: 80 km (50 mi)
Temperature Range: 70-90°F (21-32°C) in lowlands, 50-66°F (10-19°C) in highlands.
Average Rainfall: 178-328 cm (70-129 in)
Average Humidity: 80%
Population: 3.5 million (2011)
Population Growth Rate: 1.41% (2012)
Population Density: 47.31 per sq. km (2012)
Ethnicities: 70% mestizo (Spanish and Native-American and African), 10% Africans/mulattoes, 10% Caucasian, 6% Native Americans.
Discover more about the country's diversity when you read this article about Panama's history.
Official Language: Spanish
Religion: Roman Catholic, Protestant
Dialing code: 507
Quality of Life
Life Expectancy: 77.96 years
Life Expectancy of Men: 75.18 years
Life Expectancy of Women: 80.86 years
Fertility Rate: 2.48 births per woman
Poverty Rate: 29%
Sanitation Standards: 75% have access to basic sanitation and 97% have access to potable water. There are, however, large differences between urban and rural settings.
Learn more about Panama's quality of life in this article about the country's health and safety.
Telephone Access: 560,200 main lines in use, 6.735 million cell phones in use (2011).
Internet Access: 11,022 internet hosts (2012), 959,800 internet users (2009).
Airports: 118; 55 with paved runways and 63 with unpaved runways (2012).
Roadways: 11,978 km (7,442 mi) total; 4,300 km (2,672 mi) paved and 7,678 (4,771 mi) unpaved (2002).
Railways: 76 km (47 mi) total (2008)
Waterways: 800 km (497 mi) (2011)
Ports: Balboa, Colón, and Cristóbal
Government and Economy
Government Type: Constitutional Democracy, with a single-term, five year presidency.
Head of Government: President Ricardo Martinelli (elected July, 2009); vice president Juan Carlos Varela (elected July, 2009).
Legislative Branch: Unicameral National Assembly (71 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year term).
Independence Day: November 3, 1903 (from Colombia; and November 28, 1821 from Spain).
National Constitution: Signed October 11, 1972 (has been revised several times).
Suffrage: 18 years of age (is universal and compulsory).
National Symbol: Harpy Eagle
Currencies: US Dollar, Balboa
GDP per Capita: U.S. $6,200
Industry: Food processing, textiles, chemicals, machinery and metal products.
Exports: Coffee, cotton, bananas, tobacco, shrimp, lobster.
Agriculture: Coffee, sugarcane, bananas, cotton, beef, veal.
Learn more about Panamanian daily life in "The People and Culture of Panama."