Ecuador is located on the northwestern edge of South America, between Colombia and Peru. And as the name implies, it’s right on the equator.
Ecuador has a diverse landscape, from its rolling alpine hills to dense Amazonian jungles, azure coastlines, and the Galápagos Islands. Nearly 400 species of mammals and over 1,600 bird species reside here. All of this fits into an area of 109,483 square miles (283,560 sq km), which is roughly the size of Colorado. Ecuador’s small size allows travelers to easily visit different environments during their stay. If you have time, include a trip to the 18 islands of the Galápagos, which are home to wildlife seen nowhere else in the world.