Costa Rica's terrain shifts between hills, valleys, forests, mountains, volcanoes, wetlands and plains. Land near the coastline is of lower elevation, and aside from a number of elevated but flat valleys in the interior of the country, the majority of inland areas consist of rugged mountains, many of which are actually dormant volcanic peaks.
The highest point in Costa Rica is Cerro Chiripo, peaking at 12,530 feet (3,819 meters) above sea level. The highest volcano in the country is the Irazu Volcano (11,257 ft, 3,431 m). This volcano, set within Costa Rica's Central Highlands, features a hollow crater filled with sulfuric water rather than a characteristically conical peak. Lake Arenal is Costa Rica's largest lake. It is a man-made lake that is responsible for generating about 7 percent (157 Mega Watts) of the country's electricity.
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