With sun-splashed beaches and great Pacific surf, Costa Rica's northwestern province of Guanacaste teems with visitors from around the globe. The region's dry tropical climate encompasses a varied landscape. Popular white-sand beaches line the coast, and to the east, the Guanacaste Mountains feature fascinating national parks and caldera volcanoes. Travelers of every type can enjoy Guanacaste's myriad of activities, and Liberia's international airport (LIR) provides excellent regional access.


Costa Rica

Guanacaste's hot, dry climate makes the region a popular escape for those suffering cold winter months in the northern latitudes. Its white-sand coast is often regarded as one of Costa Rica's most beautiful, and the beaches offer many accommodations. Visitors to the region can take surf lessons and enjoy an active nightlife at the regional hub of Tamarindo; embark on an arduous volcano hike and explore refreshing waterfalls at Rincon de la Vieja National Park; or enjoy a day of relaxation and reading on the glamorous Playa Conchal. These activities are among many fantastic options in the Guanacaste area.

Guanacaste Province contains diverse geographical features. Separating the sandy coastal land from mountainous terrain along Guanacaste's border, the Tempisque River flows from north to south and bisects the Province. In the Guanacaste Mountains to the east, a range of jagged peaks and volcanoes span 70 miles (113 km) northwest to southeast. These mountains house a collection of national parks: Parque Nacional Rincon de la Vieja, Parque Nacional Guanacaste, and Parque Nacional Volcano Tenorio. The Tilaran Mountains enclose Guanacaste along the southeast. Beginning at the south end of Lake Arenal, the Tilaran Mountains extend toward the Pacific coast, leaving only a small bottleneck of coastal lowland. At this bottleneck, the Inter-American Highway runs north of Puntarenas and into Guanacaste. It provides seamless travel to most of Guanacaste's attractions. Side roads from the Inter-American explore the tropical forest as it ascends into surrounding highlands. The forest gives refuge to exotic flora and fauna including an abundance of monkeys, sloths, iguanas, and toucans.

Historically, Guanacaste has been estranged from the rest of Costa Rica. During early pre-Columbian times, the indigenous Chorotega dominated the province; this fact is reflected in the dark skin and round faces of many modern Guanacatecans. The province has also been the focus of much politicking; it was once annexed by Nicaragua. Although Costa Rica won the dispute and claimed the province, Guanacaste retains a distinct identity to this day.

The region is a huge hit with visitors in search of internationally famed beaches. As a result, many of its sleepy fishing towns have continued to undergo rapid transition. New resort developments extend south from the Gulf of Papagayo in a seemingly endless expanse of beachside accommodations. Some accommodations offer unrivaled luxury, and while such high-end development may seem paradoxical in the developing world, this has been the fate for much of Guanacaste's coastline. The massive Gulf of Papagayo Project, for example, aims to develop 2,300 coastal acres (930 ha), and it has catalyzed construction of large resort complexes, hotels, condos, and exclusive villas from Culebra Bay to the beaches of Panama and Coco. With a huge influx of foreign residents and tourists, the wide-ranging affluence can at times bear more resemblance to Cancun than typical Costa Rica.

Recent decades of development have also transformed the once sleepy hamlet of Tamarindo into a thriving regional hub well known for its bustling nightlife. As Guanacaste's largest coastal town, Tamarindo is frequented by foreigners from North America and Europe. With a large white-sand beach and nearby conservation areas (National Wildlife Refuge of Tamarindo and Marino Las Baulas National Park,) Tamarindo is a favorite among tourists who want to observe the local wildlife and beach-goers who seek to enjoy Costa Rica's surf.

Guanacaste's largest town, Liberia, serves as the regional economic and administrative capital. Home to the nation's second international airport, Liberia is a main access point for many incoming visitors from abroad. Accordingly, Liberia continues to undergo major transformations, similar to those of the Guanacaste coast. Due to its close proximity to Pacific beaches and surrounding national parks, Liberia provides an ideal stopover point for visitors who want to experience every facet of the Guanacaste region.

Top Attractions

Destinations in Guanacaste

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Costa Rica Attractions

Heres a list of Costa Rica's Amazing Sights and Attractions

Flora Fauna
Flora Fauna

Rhinoceros Beetle


House Gecko


Monkey Tail (Guaba chilillo)


Glass Frog


Common Basilisk


Great Green Macaw


White-Faced or Capuchin Monkey


Glasswing Butterfly


Spectacled Caiman




Hawksbill Sea Turtle


Leatherback Turtle


Pink Shower Tree


Fishing Bulldog Bat


Scarlet Macaw


Stinking Toe Tree


White Leadtree


Long-tailed Hermit


Boa Constrictor




Common Dolphin


Fiery-billed Aracari and Collared Aracari


Spiny Green Lizard


Ice Cream Bean Tree


Leaf-Cutter Ant






Blue-jeans Frog or Strawberry Poison-dart Frog




Walking Stick


Resplendent Quetzal


Monarch Butterfly


Long-tailed Manakin




Green Turtle


Brilliant Forest Frog


Assassin Bugs and Kissing Bugs


Magnificent Frigatebird




Common Tink Frog




Chestnut-mandibled Toucan


Green Page Moth


Two-Toed Sloth




Green Heron


Narrow-headed Vine Snake


Bare-necked Umbrellabird


Collared Peccary


Loggerhead Sea Turtle


Turquoise-browed Motmot










Orca, Killer Whale


Bottle-nosed Dolphin




Milk Frog


Guanacaste Tree (Elephant Ear)


Red-Eyed Leaf (Tree) Frog




American Crocodile


Baird's Tapir


Owl Butterfly


Tonka Bean Tree


Black Ctenosaur


Keel-billed Toucan


Helicopter Damselfly


Vampire Bat


Humpback Whale




Fin Whale






Black Witch


Spider Monkey


Squirrel Monkey


Three-wattled Bellbird


Ground Anole


Saman (Samanea saman, aka Albizia saman)


Brown Pelican


Mantled Howler Monkey


Blue Morpho




Army Ant


Arboreal Termites


Chestnut-headed Oropendola


Violet Sabrewing


Olive Ridley Sea Turtle




Giant Toad or Cane Toad


Spotted Longwing


Three-Toed Sloth




Pacific Spotted Dolphin


Bullet Ant


Golden Orb Weaver